My earlier post concerning the recently released 2011 Population Census looked at the age-sex pyramids for Makana Municipality. This week more data was made available on the Statssa website which has enabled me to take a first look at the distribution of population groups in the Eastern Cape Province. Once again the data is recorded at the level of the municipality or metropole and that is what the following maps use as their spatial frame.
The first map shows how the 6.56 million people are distributed across the Province. Immediately prominent are the thirty-six percent of the Province’s population which are found in the metropoles of Nelson Mandela Bay (Port Elizabeth) and Buffalo City (East London), with King Sabata Dalindyebo Municipality (Umtata). The long established east-west axis of high to low rural population is also apparent.
The black African population of 5.66 million is by far the largest population group and, not surprisingly, the geographical distribution is similar to the total population. The eastern half of the Province was the former homeland of the Transkei and this is where the rural black African population is still concentrated. In the three largely urban districts of King Sabata Dalindyebo, Buffalo City and Nelson Mandela Bay the proportion of black Africans diminishes as you move westwards across the Province.
Almost exactly half of the coloured population is concentrated in Nelson Mandela Bay. When it comes to the largely rural municipalities then their distribution is very much a mirror image of the black Africa population They are concentrated in the western areas with numbers that diminish as you move eastwards.
The white population is overwhelmingly found in the two metropoles, along the coast and in the western half of the Province.
If we look back at the past two censuses the Eastern Cape has experienced a slow rate of growth relative to other provinces. In 1996 there were 6.15 million people, in 2001 it was 6.28 and now it is 6.56 million. Overall 2011’s population is 4.5% larger. Only the Free State has recorded a smaller increase of 1.4% whilst the Western Cape has increased by 28.7% and Gauteng by 33.7%. These figures seem to indicate out-migration from the Eastern Cape.
There has been a good deal of public discussion about the recently released 2011 population census and it is now possible to start to see some of the local level information. I downloaded the spreadsheet of age-sex information for all of the country’s municipalities from the website of Statistics South Africa. Then it was a relatively simple process to construct the age-sex pyramid for EC104: Makana Municipality – it is something that we do with our GOG102 Introduction to Global Development students though we have been using the data from 2001 census up to now.
Here’s the result.
Three things stand out:
- The low number of females in the 30-34 age group-presumably due to the differential impact of HIV-AIDs on women as opposed to men. This trend was reported in the BBC’s website earlier this year.
- The large numbers of 20-24 year olds, especially women, who are presumably students at Rhodes University. We know that women are in the majority in the student body.
- Lastly, and most interestingly, are the increasing number of children aged under nine. This seems to indicate that there is a reversal in the Total Fertility Rate which was thought to be declining in South Africa. You can see this in the 2001 age-sex pyramid for Grahamstown below which is tapered at the bottom.
To my mind the really interesting feature is the number of young children at the bottom of the pyramid – that is something requiring further examination.
As I sit here working steadily through the end of year marking there is a carrot dangling ahead. I will travel to Nairobi soon to attend the MyCOE/SERVIR Fellowship workshop as mentor for one of our students, Natalie Ellis, to take part in a remote sensing and Geographic Information Systems training initiative. Here’s the press release about the two of us provided by the Association of American Geographers who facilitate the programme. We’re both excited at this prospect: for Natalie it’s her first trip to the ‘real’ Africa and for me it’s a great opportunity to revisit Nairobi and see some Kenyatta University friends and colleagues.
We will be working with Fellows from the DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda to develop the use of geography and geographical technologies to develop local capacity and contribute to research development in Eastern and Southern Africa. The key themes are climate change, food security and agriculture, disasters and hazard management, sustainable landscapes, women and climate change. There’s plenty more on this at the My Community Our Earth website hosted by the AAG.
We don’t know where we will be staying yet though it’s likely to be near the Kasarani home of the Regional Center for Mapping of Resources for Development.
Here’s the latest video from the Story of Stuff project ‘Tis the season to get trampled’.
It asks us to buy nothing and do something on Black Friday (which I gather is an American consumer occasion and media event ….). It is only a minute long. I watched, bemused, but not surprised. This is what the mainstream media often glorifies.
Today was the day scheduled for my hike over into Featherstone Kloof. The weather forecast on Saturday said that Sunday would be 30-35 Centigrade so I got up early at 5.40 and was off by 7.00. Unfortunately the forecast was wrong and as I trod slowly home at 12.00 it was 39! Far too hot. Fortunately I had spent quite a lot of time in the riverine forest at the bottom of the Kloof. Even so it was a 10km round trip with 200 metres up to the ridge and then 250 down into the Kloof repeated on the way home. You can see this on the little map
I was really looking forward to seeing some of the veldt flowers after all of the rain we have been having. So after a sorghum porridge breakfast I packed a snack lunch of cashew nuts, rice cakes, bananas and toffees with a vacuum flask of ice cold water and a bottle of fresh mixed juice. The hike over was straight forward though my camera began to misbehave and would only take black and whites at one point. I reset it once I got down to the cool shady picnic spot by the small waterfalls in the forest. Only too soon I could feel the hot air coming through the forest canopy so it was time to get off back up heartbreak hill and down into town. Cold beer and a cool pool were beckoning and I had a good set of pictures to share.
I am sure every doting grandfather says to his daughter ‘he looks just like …… at ….. when …..’ but here’s something from the photo archive. Two photo pairs of Jeannie and Luke at just about the same age.